Thursday, April 11, 2024

Why Is My Vision Fuzzy

What Are The Causes Of Blurry Vision

What causes blurry vision?

Narrowing down what kind of blurred vision you have can usually make it easier to work out the cause. Possible causes include:

  • Images that appear out of focus and hazy, either close up or far away, indicates either long or short-sightedness. Long sightedness is when objects close up appear blurred, and short-sightedness is when objects in the distance look blurry.
  • Cataracts this causes vision to blur and become cloudy
  • Glaucoma this is a condition where a sudden or gradual increase in pressure in the eye damages the optic nerve at the back of the eye. This can cause tunnel vision.
  • Diabetes high blood sugar can cause the lens of the eye to swell, causing blurring
  • Chronic eye strain this can cause both blurry and double vision
  • Keratitis this is the inflammation of the cornea of the eye
  • Dry eyes vision can fluctuate with this condition
  • Astigmatism this is when the cornea or lens of the eye isnt completely round. This means that light entering the eye is not properly focused onto a single point on the retina
  • Eye injury this includes getting something stuck in your eye, like a small piece of glass, a knock to the eye, eye socket, or area around the eye, or getting chemicals in your eye.
  • Macular degeneration this is when part of the retina becomes damaged over time, and is the leading cause of loss of vision in older people.

It is always best to see your GP to get a diagnosis of the cause of your blurry vision in order to receive the appropriate treatment.

Other Factors Causing Blurry Vision

Myopia

People with myopia , which can cause blurred vision when looking at objects in the distance, will usually squint their eyes to see those objects in the distance clearer. Myopia can then further strain their eyes and cause other symptoms, such as headaches.

Hypermetropia

Hypermetropia, or hyperopia, most commonly known as farsightedness, is the opposite of myopia. Hypermetropia occurs when objects in the distance are usually seen clearly, but nearby objects are not. These nearby objects appear blurry, so the eye muscles will overcompensate, which can result in eye strain and eye fatigue when trying to focus on seeing the near object clearly.

Astigmatism

With astigmatism, near and far distances can appear to be blurred. This is caused by a refractive error in the lens, which can be a result of an irregularly-shaped cornea. The eyes of people with astigmatism do absorb light rays, but those light rays do not land on the retina , which results in blurry or distorted vision.

Presbyopia

Presbyopia is an age-related eye condition. The blurred vision occurs, like with hypermetropia, when focusing on nearby objects. Due to the lens losing its elasticity, accommodation becomes harder, making it difficult for you to read fine print, newspapers, or text on mobile and on computer screens. These symptoms tend to become more prevalent as you age.

Diabetic retinopathy

Age-related macular degeneration

Eye allergies

When To See An Eye Doctor For Blurry Vision

If you have mild blurry vision that comes and goes, this could mean simply tiredness, eye strain or over-exposure to sunlight.

It could also mean your vision prescription needs to be updated. Or it could mean youve developed a refractive error and are in need of vision correction. If your blurry vision lingers and doesnt improve with rest, time away from screens and getting out of the sun for a while, its time to see an eye doctor.

Sudden or continuing changes in vision such as blurriness, double vision, tunnel vision, blind spots, halos or dimness of vision could be signs of a serious eye disease or other health problem.

If you have sudden changes to your vision, including blurry vision, you should always see an eye doctor near you immediately.

Page published on Monday, March 4, 2019

Page updated on Tuesday, June 14, 2022

Medically reviewed on Sunday, April 25, 2021

Schedule an exam

Recommended Reading: Wavy Vision After Cataract Surgery

Getting A Diagnosis For Blurred Vision

Its important to get a diagnosis for blurred vision as soon as possible, especially if it’s come on suddenly and/or you have other symptoms. See your optometrist or GP for further investigations.

They will ask you questions to determine your exact symptoms, such as when you first noticed your vision was blurry and what makes your blurred vision better or worse. They may also ask about your medical history and your family’s medical history.

Next, they may examine your eyes and check your vision by asking you to read an eye chart. Other investigations they may carry out include:

  • Tonometry to measure the pressure in your eye

Go straight to your nearest A& E department if you also have:

  • A sudden change in your vision
  • Facial drooping, problems speaking or loss of muscle control
  • Had an accident affecting your eyes
  • Severe eye pain
  • Visual disturbances, such as flashing lights, halos, shadows or spots

Some of these symptoms overlap with the symptoms of a stroke.

  • Facial drooping, problems speaking or loss of muscle control

Natural Loss Of Up Close Vision

Why is my vision blurry even with glasses?

Everyone at some point in their life will require reading glasses, bifocals, progressive glasses or just simply need to take off their glasses to see things up close. This is something called presbyopia and happens starting in our 40s.

This loss of up close vision occurs due to the natural lens inside our eye no longer being able to focus. As this lens loses its focusing ability, things start to become more blurred up close.

Lasik cant reverse presbyopia. After lasik, the lens inside your eye will still have the same trouble focusing.

But lasik does change the prescription of the eye – and this can change how presbyopia affects your vision.

This is especially important for those who are nearsighted before lasik. Nearsighted individuals dont have any issues seeing up close without any glasses . Notice in the first paragraph, I mentioned need to take off glasses to see things up close. This is the exact situation that applies to nearsighted individuals.

Nearsighted individuals who are starting to lose their up close vision may find that they cant see as well up close in their glasses and so they take off their glasses in order to see things up close.

You May Like: Causes Of Blurred Vision And Headaches

Concussion Or Brain Injury

Injuries to the brain range from concussions to traumatic brain injuries and can be caused by sporting accidents, car accidents, falls and more. Brain and head injuries can cause varying symptoms depending on the severity of the injury blurred vision and dizziness are among these.

Any head injury that causes distorted vision should be treated as an emergency and cared for at the ER or at an urgent care facility.

SEE RELATED:Symptoms of concussions & TBI symptoms

When To See An Eye Doctor For Cloudy Vision

Mild cloudy vision that lasts a day or two usually isnt a cause for concern. However, you should schedule an appointment with your eye doctor if the cloudiness persists or worsens.

The following symptoms also warrant a doctors visit:

  • Eye pain thats sudden or severe
  • A headache that accompanies the cloudy vision
  • A gritty sensation in your eye

Your doctor will diagnose the underlying cause of the cloudy vision and review treatment options.

You May Like: Sudden Loss Of Peripheral Vision In One Eye

When To Call A Healthcare Provider

If you suspect that you are dealing with an injury, a detached retina or other serious condition, don’t hesitate to call a healthcare provider or go to an ER. Keep in mind that blurred vision may indicate a life-threatening stroke, which requires emergency treatment.

Most of the time, blurry vision can be safely handled outside of the ER. A 2017 study shows that approximately 1 in 4 of those who visited the ER for an eye issue had a minor problem such as pink eye, a swollen eyelid, or eyelid bumps.

Vertigo And Motion Sickness

Why is My Vision Blurry After 40?

Vertigo is a sudden feeling of imbalance and spinning that occurs even while a person is sitting or standing still. Blurred vision often occurs with the dizziness of a vertigo spell. Some common causes of vertigo include dehydration, migraine headaches and sudden head movement.

Motion sickness can be triggered by continuous movement in a variety of circumstances, including traveling in a car or standing next to a moving body of water. Motion sickness can have other uncomfortable feelings, such as nausea, dizziness and occasionally blurred vision.

Also Check: Pearle Vision King Of Prussia

Treat Your Blurry Vision Today

The cause of your blurry vision can stem from many different eye conditions. The important thing is identifying blurred vision early and getting professional assessment as soon as possible. Some issues like dry eye and digital eye strain can be managed with help from your optometrist. Other causes of blurry vision, like glaucoma, need immediate emergency eye care. There is one universal truth when it comes to blurry vision annual eye exams help keep you seeing clearly. Whether to prevent the progression of eye diseases or to sharpen up your prescription, exams help you understand the cause of your blurry vision.

What Causes Fuzzy Head And Blurry Vision

Youre driving down the road and you need to squint to see the signs. Then you realize you have a fuzzy head, blurred vision, and even feel a bit woozy. It may even make you feel somewhat scared. There are a number of reasons why this may be happening. This article will explain some of the causes and what you can do about it.

Read Also: Black Floating Dots In Vision

Symptoms Of Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is usually silent. Severe and permanent retinal damage can occur before you notice any of the following symptoms:

  • Blurred vision that does not improve with glasses
  • Vision that worsens, improves, then worsens again
  • Sudden loss of vision, particularly following events such as coughing or sneezing
  • Seeing “cobwebs,” “spots,” or a “hole” in your field of vision

What Can Be Done About Residual Prescription

Top 5 Causes of Blurred Vision, Symptoms, and Treatment

Fortunately, there are ways to correct residual prescription after lasik. It is called a lasik enhancement.

Once your prescription is deemed to be stable , the surgeon will typically lift the lasik flap back up and do an additional treatment with the lasik laser. This is typically called a lift-flap enhancement .

Its a relatively straightforward procedure with a recovery very similar to what you experienced after your original lasik procedure.

Getting your prescription back on target after a lift-flap procedure has a high chance of success. If we return to the golf putting analogy, we are trying to sink a tap-in rather than a 100 ft putt. An enhancement is a much smaller prescription less change in the cornea and thus less that variability can affect.

You May Like: How To Check Vision At Home

Diabetes And Blood Sugar Imbalances

Blurred vision may also be a sign of fluctuating blood sugar levels. High blood sugar levels make the lens of the eye retain water and swell, blurring your vision. This typically occurs in people with diabetes.

Blurred vision may also be a sign of undiagnosed diabetes, so you dont want to neglect it if it reoccurs.

The Top Causes Of Blurry Vision After Lasik

It can be very disappointing to go through the whole process and expense of lasik only to end up with blurry vision on the other side. But blurry vision after lasik does happen from time to time. There are some very common causes and there are some which are much more rare.

The most common cause of blurry vision after lasik is having some residual prescription error. But dry eye and weakness of the natural lens are also common causes. Finally, there are rare causes such as trouble with the lasik flap, increased aberrations or infection.

Fortunately, there are ways to treat and improve many of these causes of blurred vision . Sometimes it just takes patience, other times it may take an additional step or procedure to resolve.

Don’t Miss: Vision For Less Dubuque Iowa

Could It Be A Migraine

A migraine is more than a horrible headache. There are a host of other symptoms that you might have with the pain, including blurry vision and sensitivity to light. You may feel these signs even before a migraine starts, and they may last until it’s over.

More dramatic changes to your eyesight during a migraine are called an aura. They can include:

  • Loss of part or all of your vision for a little while
  • Seeing flashes of light
  • Seeing flashes of light
  • Seeing wavy lines or spots

To solve these problems, you’ll need to work with your doctor to treat your migraines and keep them from starting. Learn more about migraine headaches with aura.

You Sleep With Your Contacts In

Blurry Vision: The Causes and When It’s Necessary to See A Doctor

If you don’t use contact lenses properly, they can cause sight-robbing infections.

Contact lenses move across the eye every time you blink, creating micro-scratches on the surface of your eye. Infection-causing microorganisms can get caught under the lens and get into the scratches.

Sleeping with your contacts in, said Dr. Le, “is a perfect petri dish to grow those organisms and cause corneal ulcers,” open sores on the cornea that can blur vision.

“Always, always take out at night,” added Dr. Shah, or toss disposable lenses at the end of the day.

Read Also: Creative Xp Digital Night Vision Binoculars

Do You Need To See Your Doctor

You dont need to see a doctor when blurriness goes away after blinking or rubbing your eyes, or when its sporadic with a clear cause.

But you shouldnt ignore unexplained, persistent blurry vision, or vision problems accompanied by other symptoms. Make an appointment with your doctor for a diagnosis.

Blurry vision in the morning could be a sign of a stroke, which is a medical emergency. If youre having a stroke, you may have other symptoms like:

  • tingling or numbness on one or both sides of your body

Similarly, a head injury and concussion before bed might cause blurry vision in the morning. Other symptoms of a concussion include:

  • lack of coordination

How Is It Treated

It’s important to treat uveitis right away so it doesnât permanently scar your eye or lead to other serious problems, like glaucoma or cataracts.

Your doctor may give you steroid eye drops to ease the swelling, redness, and pain. Steroid shots or pills are other options. In addition the doctor may ask you to take eye drops like atropine which dilate your pupil and prevent painful spasm of your eye. This can make your vision blurry and sensitive to light.

Doctors can treat some types of the condition with a small capsule that slowly releases steroids inside your eye. This is usually a treatment for long-lasting cases. Many of these cases are in just one eye. But with this treatment, you can be more likely to get cataracts or glaucoma. The surgery to put the capsule in your eye wonât require a hospital stay. If your doctor recommends this option, ask them what you can expect.

If you take oral steroids for a long time, you may have side effects, like cataracts, stomachulcers, bone thinning , diabetes, and weight gain. Ask them how the treatment may affect you.

Recommended Reading: Walmart Vision Center Fayetteville Nc

Eye Problems And Headaches

Headaches are generally a sign that something is wrong. However, there are many possible causes of headaches. Some of these are visually related, such as an uncorrected refractive error .Your doctor can get valuable information from the nature of your headaches. They may ask you questions such as:

  • When do the headaches arrive?
  • How bad are they?
  • Where are they? For example, are they in your forehead area or around the sides of your head?
  • What triggers seem to start them?

Having an eye test is a good starting point when trying to narrow down the reason for headaches. If examination of your eyes is normal, see your doctor for further investigation.

Treatment For Dry Macular Degeneration

What Causes Blurred Vision in One Eye &  How is it Treated

If you have dry macular degeneration, your doctor may also suggest that you work with a low-vision rehabilitation specialist. Your doctor may recommend that you take eye vitamins in the AREDS 2 formulation.

In addition, they may recommend surgery to help improve your vision. During the surgery, theyll implant a telescopic lens in your eye to replace the natural lens. This magnifies your field of vision. There is a set of very strict criteria for patients to qualify for such surgery.

It isnt known why some people develop macular degeneration, while others dont. However, certain factors can increase your risk of developing the disease.

These risk factors include:

Its important to have annual eye exams even if your vision appears normal. You should tell your doctor about any vision changes you experience, too.

Your doctor can conduct a variety of tests to diagnose macular degeneration.

For example, they can use special eye drops to dilate your eyes and then check the back of your eyes for signs of fluid, blood, or yellow deposits.

Other tests include the following:

Read Also: Coastal Vision Center Whiteville Nc

Could It Be Psoriasis

You may know this condition from these symptoms:

But psoriasis can affect your eyes, too. It can cause a condition called uveitis, when inflammation leads to swelling that causes blurred vision, pain, redness, and sensitivity to light.

Treatments can get rid of uveitis, but the type you need will depend on which part of your eye is affected. Learn more about uveitis.

Latest news
Related news